Academic Essay写作格式浅析
      今天,我们来聊聊Essay这个“八股文”的格式问题。对于所有的<a href="http://www.hotessay.net/news_show.php?id=1053">Academic Essay</a>来说格式都基本相同。

      字号:12-point font size

      字体:Times New Roman

      行距:double-spaced

      另外,对于Arts科目来说,字数限制也十分重要。部分科目会将in-text citation或者footnotes也算入字数中,具体需以每科的Assignment要求为准。

      The length of the paper should be XXXX words(+/-10%).Thepenalty(5-point deduction)will apply to a paper which is outside this range.

      再者,Plagiarism对于Essay来说至关重要!每一篇Essay都会经过Turnitin系统检查内容相似率。因此citation的必要性就不言而喻了。

      APA style,还是Harvard system?

      Chicago?Or MLA?

      What?到底该用哪一种?它们分别又有什么格式要求?

      APA style

      APA应该是同学们使用最广的reference方式。其格式要求主要为:

      要求同学们在开始进行段落开头写作前按一下Tab键以替代空格首行缩进;

      双倍行间距Double Space;

      字体要求Times New Roman;

      Intext citations格式:

      One author:

      …(Hawkins,2003).

      Hawkins(2003)reported that the results were inconclusive.

      OR In 1979,Conger conducted a study which showed that…

      Two authors:

      …(Bovey&Hede,2001)

      Reference list格式:

      1.book:

      Author surname,Author initial(s).(Year of publication).Title ofbook(edition number if not the 1st edition).Place of publication:Name ofpublisher.

      2.Journal article:

      Author family name,Author initial(s).(Year of publication).Title of thearticle.Title of the Journal,volume number(issue number),page numbers of thearticle.

      3.Web sites:

      Author/editor surname,Author/editor initial(s).(Year,month day of lastupdate,or copyright year).Title of the page/document.Retrieved Monthday,year,from URL

      MLA 8th

      MLA(Modern Language Association)相信留学生们都很熟悉,为美国现代语言协会制定的Essay指导格式,在一般书写英语Essay时应当使用MLA格式来保证学术著作的完整。

      Intext citation:

      在MLA格式中,一般以intextcitation代替脚注及尾注,格式为:

      author’s last name and a relevant page number;

      Eg:…it was the worst of times”(Dickens 5);

      wrote Charles Dickens of the eighteenth century(5)

      注意:如有一个以上的作者,用“and”而不是“&”链接~

      Eg:(Brown and Czerniewicz 2010)

      Reference list格式:

      1.book:

      Last name,First name.Title of Book.Publisher,Year of Publication.

      2.Journal article:

      Last name,First name.“Title of Article.”Title of Journal,volume,issue,year,page range of article.Database,URL.

      3.websites:

      Last name,First name.Name of site.Publisher or sponsor of site,date of publication(if available),URL.

      Chicago

      Intext citation:

      在Chicago格式中,就不是用intextcitation了,需要在正文中加入连续的自然数标记脚注及尾注,其格式为:

      1.Book:

      Note Number.Author’s First and Last Names,Title of Book:Subtitle of Book(Place of Publication:Publisher’s Name,Date of Publication),page number(s).

      2.Journal article:

      Note Number.Author’s First and Last Names,“Article Title,”Title of Publication Vol no,issue no(Date of Publication):page number(s).

      3.Websites:

      Note Number.“Title of Webpage”Name of Website,Datemodified/accessed,URL.

      Harvard

      Reference list:

      1.book:

      Eg:Brick,J 2009,Academic culture:a student’s guide to studying atuniversity,National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research,Sydney.

      2.Journal article:

      Eg:Prentice,C 2010,‘Terms of ambivalence:cultural politics and symbolic exchange’,Australian Literary Studies,vol.25,no.4,pp.33-54.

      3.Websites:

      Fein,B 2011,‘The Patriot Act is at war with the constitution’,TheAmerican view:God,family,republic,viewed 8 November 2011

      所有参考书目以作者姓名的字母顺序排列,一个作者有多本著作时,则按年份先后排列顺序。
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