留学Essay写作中动词的正确打开方式
      留学生在<a href="http://www.lxws.net/new.php?id=1751">essay写作</a>过程中经常会用到代词,大家都知道代词是用来代替前文出现过的名词。但是代词的使用看似简单其实很复杂,留学生要怎么才能做到正确使用呢?下面就跟小编一起来看看吧!

      大家容易困惑的是:

      1.句子or词组,可以被看成是名词,用代词指代吗?

      2.代词,可以指代不是名词的其他词,比如形容词,动词吗?

      3.当句子中出现了2个名词以上,如何指代?

      比较复杂,小编来跟大家逐一讲解。

      首先看第一个问题:

      句子or词组,可以用代词指代吗?

      在北美,是不可以的。这也是GMAT语法的常考语法点。

      "A pronoun must always refer to a single,clear,unmistake Noun."(1)代词指代的是单个,清晰,无误的名词。

      所以,

      Tom was always unprepared for class.It made his teacher increasingly mad.

      Tom was always unprepared for class.This made his teacher increasingly mad.

      Tom was always unprepared for class,which made his teacher increasingly mad.

      这里的it.this,甚至which都是错误的。因为他们都被用来指代一个用整个句子表达的观点(an idea expressed in an entire sentence or statement),这违背了代词必须指代一个明确的名词的规则。

      如何修改了?(2)

      1.用名词代替代词replace it with a noun:

      Tom was always unprepared for class,and his constant unpreparedness drove his teacher crazy.

      2.在this后面加一个名词:

      Tom was always unprepared for class,and this habit drove his teacher crazy.

      3.合并成一个句子,减少代词:

      Tom's constant unpreparedness made his teacher increasingly mad.

      4.在which前加一个名词:

      Tom was always unprepared for class,a habit which drove his teacher crazy.

      其实大家可以看出,以上修改的核心是,要么用一个名词来概括前面整个句子,要么在代词前加了一个具体的名词。来符合代词的使用原则--必须指代明确具体的名词。

      再看一个例子(3):

      Meg telephoned Howard yesterday to explain why she had not attended the meeting the day before.This made Howard angry.

      这里的this,被用来指代前面整个句子,当然也是错误的。因为读者并不能知道Howard生气到底是因为以下的哪一个:

      Meg telephoned,

      Meg telephoned yesterday,or

      Meg had not attended the meeting the day before

      所以,还是指代不清。

      如何修改了?

      1.用名词代替代词:

      Meg telephoned Howard...before.Meg's absence made...

      or:

      Meg telephoned Howard...before.Meg's late call made...

      2.合并句子,减少代词:

      Because Meg telephoned Howard yesterday to explain why she had not attended the meeting the day before,Howard became very angry.

      or:

      Meg's telephone call yesterday to explain why she had not attended the meeting the day before made Howard very angry.
    声明:如涉及版权问题,请作者持权属证明与本网联系,该文观点仅代表作者本人,澳伍网系信息发布平台,仅提供信息存储空间服务。

    最新评论